What is a ” Autoethnography ” ?
Auto / ethno / graphy
“Auto- “as a word-forming element had the sense of “self, one’s own, of oneself (‘independently’) in Greek.
“ethno-” as a word-forming element meaning “race, culture,” from Greek ethnos “people, nation, class, caste, tribe; a number of people accustomed to live together” (see ethnic).
“-graphy” as a word-forming element meaning “process of writing or recording” or “a writing, recording, or description” from French or German -graphie, from Greek -graphia “description of “.
The way we split the word gives us a better idea of what Autoethnography means and the emphasis of Autoethnography more clearly.
Autoethnography is an approach to research and writing that seeks to describe and systematically analyze personal experience in order to understand other cultural experience. Through the autoethnography to deconstructing and critical reflection on the issue of ethnography and life history.
Autoethnography often represented by first-person in a variety of different ways such as short story, poetry, personal essay, diary, fragment, social science essay etc. Via the personal inner of the portrayal and experience to realize how the social and cultural development affect people life.
“People shape their daily lives by stories of who they and others are and as they interpret their past in terms of these stories. Story, in the current idiom, is a portal through which a person enters the world and by which their experience of the world is interpreted and made personally meaningful.”
from <<Narrative Inquiry: Experience and Story in Qualitative Research >> By Connelly & Clandinin, 2006, p. 375
Connelly & Clandinin proposed a concept of American pragmatist philosopher Dr. John Dewey’s theory “Experience is personal as well as social” to develop the personal experience methods.
The personal experience methods have four characteristics： "inward and outward"； " backward and forward".
” Inward ” refers to the internal situation of emotion, hope, reaction beauty, morality, etc;
” Outward ” refers to the existence of the situation, which is what E. M. B said reality.
And the ” backward and forward” are the meaning of the temporality, the past, the present and the future.
The develop of nowaday have been sophisticated since people search the issue through the rules of the personal experience methods.
In summary, Autoethnography is a combination of ethnography and autobiography.The author of Autoethnography may be a scholar or a non-scholar.Starting from insiders’ point of view, incorporating the author’s personal experience into the ethnographic or autobiographical writing has given rise to a form of exploration to some issues.
Such as Sigmund Freud’s Die Traumdeutung. The book introduces the concept of self, describes Freud’s unconscious theory used to explain the dream. According to Freud, he wrote down many of his dreams to elucidate his theories and perspectives. His approach begins with the analysis of not just many case studies from patients but also his dream experience, “Irma’s injection”.
His autoethnography inspired concepts such as “subconscious”, “self”, “self”, “super self”, “Idiopus complex”, “Libido” and “psychological defense mechanism” Proposed a variety of psychopathology theory, clinical psychology in the history of the development of great significance.
Via the personal experience and research of Sigmund Freud made us have a clear concept of the definition of Autoethnography. Theory or issue is based on personal experience and the Autoethnography is an achievement of our deconstructing and critical reflection in personal experience.
As with the design of mobile apps now, we derive data from user experience. And improve the app ‘s user friendly through the data research of user experience.
FORUM: QUALITATIVE SOCIAL RESEARCH SOZIALFORSCHUNG
Autoethnography: An Overview Volume 12, No. 1, Art. 10 edited by Carolyn Ellis, Tony E. Adams & Arthur P. Bochner (January 2011) Retrieved from
Narrative Inquiry edited by D. Jean Clandinin & Janice Huber. (n.d.)Retrieved from http://www.mofet.macam.ac.il/amitim/iun/CollaborativeResearch/Documents/NarrativeInquiry.pdf
auto- (n.d.) Retrieved from
ethno- (n.d.) Retrieved from
-graphy (n.d.) Retrieved from
The Interpretation of Dreams Wiki(n.d.)Retrieved from
Sigmund Freud Wiki(n.d.)Retrieved from