BCM 310 Research Project Reflection

The Digital Artifact Topic:

The Self-branding Online

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[url]: https://keirnawon4592.wixsite.com/self-brandingonline

The topic of my digital artifact is based on the BCM 310 week 1 lecture ” The Self, Self-branding” and a rethinking of my week 1 blog  “The Matter Of Our Online Image Via the Selfie”. When a lecturer was asking me is this research topic related to my future career and my answer is yes. Assessment 3 is a research project that you can use as a portfolio when you are looking for a job in the future. When you provide a portfolio as a reference to the company interviewer, it means the chance of admission increases.

My future career is to be a multimedia designer or a social media editor. The multimedia designer’s work needs to manage social media pages and advertising graphic design projects; including design projects from conception, design, creation, media design; photography, film shooting and post-editing. The multimedia designer will also follow up with the marketing department colleagues on the design project.

Social media editors are responsible for content creation, editing, daily interaction and maintenance promotion of social media advertisements such as FB/IG, planning, writing and producing life topics and content. Social media editors are also responsible for optimizing, planning, designing creative videos and programs, and writing follow-up videos and program content. Social media editors need to edit manuscripts to ensure the quality and accuracy of text and content and actively participate in creative and strategic work. Managing and executing social media activities (including Facebook, Instagram, Wechat, etc.) is also an important part of the social media editor.

The nature of both professions involves online media. The online media company pays great attention to the concept of self-branding as a self-branding can also representing the company not only yourself. Develop the self-branding online is a benefit to the company and your own.

Methodology

The methodology I use is an interview to collect the primary data and analysis the secondary data from the academic sources. I also searched the website’s article as my reference which related my research topic. Surely these methodology to collect the data benefit to develop my research project.

Interview

I found one female and one male as my interview target. They both started their own business and career on the online media. They have been running their business and career for a while which perfectly fit my research project interview request. However, when I ask them two on camera and record their voice as a record and they reject.  As the privacy issues, so I would only show the interview written record on the digital artifact. There are 14 interview questions I have set. These questions I designed from shallow to deep to guide the respondents feel at ease to answer my questions.

The platform

The platform I final use is creating a Wix website. Wix is a platform for people where they can create their own website to develop the business plan. The interface of the Wix platform is easy to use and management. The most important thing is creating a Wix wouldn’t increase my Macbook workload. Actually, I used to tend the Prezi as my research project platform at first. However, my MacBook Pro body was so hot and the motor was making the loud noise when I was editing the Prezi. I was afraid that my MacBook may shut down in suddenly. So I transferred from Prezi to Wix Website platform.

Challenges

The most challenge of this research project is to make my direction clear. And I always confused about the question the lecturer ask me of what difference between self-branding and the personal branding. When I search the word “Self-branding” on google, the search result always shows me the website with the word “Personal branding”.  I ask myself again and again about the meaning of self-branding and person branding. Finally, I realize the difference between self-branding and the personal branding from my past design knowledge I learned. They are not exactly the same thing. This is what I experience that you can think of the question again and again and try to answer it when you feel confused. The answer to the question appears in your repeated thinking. The way is work to me to find the answer to the confused question. Also, one of the academic articles is hard to read. I need more time to digest content.

 

References :

Anonymous. (n.d). Personal Branding. WiKi. retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_branding

Anonymous. (n.d). Self-branding. WiKi. retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-brand

Rendan Liu*. Ayoung Suh (2017). Self-Branding on Social Media: An Analysis of Style Bloggers on Instagram. Procedia Computer Science. Volume 124. Pages 12-20 open access. retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877050917328922

Wioleta Kucharska. (2017). Consumer social network brand identification and personal branding. How do social network users choose among brand sites?. Cogent Business & Management Marketing Research Article. 4: 1315879. retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23311975.2017.1315879?scroll=top&needAccess=true#aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cudGFuZGZvbmxpbmUuY29tL2RvaS9wZGYvMTAuMTA4MC8yMzMxMTk3NS4yMDE3LjEzMTU4Nzk/bmVlZEFjY2Vzcz10cnVlQEBAMA==

 

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BCM 332 Digital Artifact And the Contextual Statement

500 words

Rights Of the Press Liberty in China

 

This digital artifact topic is related to my previous case study ” Rights Of the Press Liberty in China” which is about the journalist encountered some issues while they try to interview in China.

In China, rough treatment and blocking the interviews always happen to the journalists. The digital artifact I edited the shows you the evidence of how China official stop the journalists broadcast the truth and rethinking why they treat the reporter like this.

A part of the clip is from the BBC News China journalist John Sudworth was trying to interview Liu Hui Zhen who try to be a Beijing Independent Candidate. They got the deal to have an interview but the interview was blocked by unknown people.

On November 17 in 2016, China was conducting local elections. 9 billion Chinese voters are electing 2.5 million local people’s congress representatives. Liu Hui Zhen is a person who tries to exercises legal rights to stand for election to be a Beijing Independent Candidate.

When the BBC News China journalist John Sudworth went to the respondent ‘s house door, the strangers follow and started to side by side to block the way into the house. John Sudworth tried to knock on the door and the strangers wanted to stop him.

Liu Hui Zhen heard the sound and came out to see the BBC News China journalist John Sudworth. Liu Hui Zhen invited the BBC News China journalist to come to her house and talk but the way enter her house was blocked by the stranger men. Liu Hui Zhen told the BBC News China journalist that she didn’t know the strangers at all.

When Liu Hui Zhen was receiving an interview with John Sudworth outside the door, these stranger men started the action. They forcibly closed her house door. After Liu Hui Zhen opened the window to continue the interview, they use the things to block the window, block her speak up. The strangers used their hand to cover the camera and told the BBC News China journalist to stop recording. The strangers shouted the BBC News China journalist to get out of there. In the process of being blocked, we saw that one of them had an attack weapon which means if they continue to interview, they may be treated with violence.

In this fragment of access blocked, we see the journalists are not allowed to interview Chinese citizen about the China government and society issues even they got the deal with the interview respondents. The obstruction of the right to interview in the news means that the freedom of the news is restricted. At the same time, the people lost their rights to know about the current state of the real society.

The loss of their rights is due to China’s social system.

“The Communist Party of China is the core of the leadership of the entire Chinese people. Without such a core, the cause of socialism cannot be won.”
「中國共產黨是全中國人民的領導核心。沒有這樣的一個核心,社會主義事業就不能勝利。」

(Speech by Mao Zedong when he met with all the representatives of the Third National Congress of the Chinese New Democratic Youth League, May 25, 1957)

“The people rely on us to organize. The reactionaries of China rely on us to organize the people to fight against him. Anything that is reactionary, if you not bit them all down, they still there. This is the same as sweeping the floor. If the broom does not sweep it, the dust will not disappear by itself. ”
「人民靠我們去組織。中國的反動分子,靠我們組織起人民去反他打倒。凡是反動的東西,你不打,他就不倒。這也和掃地一樣,掃帚不到,灰塵照例不會自己跑掉。」

(“The Situation After the Victory of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and Our Policy” by Mao Zedong, August 13, 1945)

The concept of the political system that the party represents the entire Chinese people which means one person’s opposition to the government is tantamount to the entire Chinese people even their oppose are good or bad. Any questioning and oppose will affect people’s trust in the government. The government’s power is generated and consolidated by the people’s trust.

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Alain De Botton who is the Author of “The News” was keenly aware that after modern people left school, the channels of education and knowledge were news. News reports should eliminate ignorance, overcome prejudice, and enhance personal and national wisdom. The meaning he gave to the news stems from the public commitment and social responsibility of the intellectuals. This is what Alain De Botton think of the journalist’s duties.

And the news is the opportunity to give people a reflection on social issues. We believe that in a democratic society, the fourth power of news is given by the people, the orientation of news reports, entry points, issues of concern, positions, and disputes directly reflect the views of the people.

But under the autocratic social system, freedom of the press is the trigger for people to question the government. The government may feel uneasy when the power of press freedom has weakened the government’s power. This is why authoritarian governments continue to block the freedom of news.

References:

Cheung Zi2 Fong 張子房. (3 January 2018). Freedom of the press under the siege 圍城下的新聞自由. The Stand News. retrieved from https://thestandnews.com/society/%E5%9C%8D%E5%9F%8E%E4%B8%8B%E7%9A%84%E6%96%B0%E8%81%9E%E8%87%AA%E7%94%B1/

Anonymous. (3 January 2018). [學人講呢啲 …]《環時》總編稱收報道禁令 轟地方部門施壓損媒體公信力. The Stand News. retrieved from  https://thestandnews.com/china/%E5%AD%B8%E4%BA%BA%E8%AC%9B%E5%91%A2%E5%95%B2-%E7%92%B0%E6%99%82-%E7%B8%BD%E7%B7%A8%E7%A8%B1%E6%94%B6%E5%A0%B1%E9%81%93%E7%A6%81%E4%BB%A4-%E8%BD%9F%E5%9C%B0%E6%96%B9%E9%83%A8%E9%96%80%E6%96%BD%E5%A3%93%E6%90%8D%E5%AA%92%E9%AB%94%E5%85%AC%E4%BF%A1%E5%8A%9B/

Anonymous. (23 September 2016).美作家組織:駐華記者採訪限制史上最多 拿毛澤東與習總比較會捱駡. The Stand News. retrieved from https://thestandnews.com/china/%E7%BE%8E%E4%BD%9C%E5%AE%B6%E7%B5%84%E7%B9%94-%E9%A7%90%E8%8F%AF%E8%A8%98%E8%80%85%E6%8E%A1%E8%A8%AA%E9%99%90%E5%88%B6%E5%8F%B2%E4%B8%8A%E6%9C%80%E5%A4%9A-%E6%8B%BF%E7%BF%92%E7%B8%BD%E8%88%87%E6%AF%9B%E6%BE%A4%E6%9D%B1%E6%AF%94%E8%BC%83%E6%9C%83%E8%A2%AB%E9%A7%A1/

Cheung Tong (a pseudonym). (26 January2015)黑雲壓城-2014年中國大陸新聞自由狀況.The Stand News. retrieved from
https://thestandnews.com/media/%E9%BB%91%E9%9B%B2%E5%A3%93%E5%9F%8E-2014%E5%B9%B4%E4%B8%AD%E5%9C%8B%E5%A4%A7%E9%99%B8%E6%96%B0%E8%81%9E%E8%87%AA%E7%94%B1%E7%8B%80%E6%B3%81/

Anonymous. (n.d). 毛澤東.WiKI.  retrieved from
https://zh.wikiquote.org/zh-hk/%E6%AF%9B%E6%B3%BD%E4%B8%9C

BBC News 中文. (17 November 2016). BBC reporter interviewed Beijing independent candidates were violently obstructed retrieved. BBC News from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YjeEnu9pk1c&index=2&list=PLF9lMv1NcbB_X2wj9xrYHFtEZ6HD0edGw&t=38s

Bus Shelter: Reflecting on Research

A company selling the ads on the panels, MatrixMedia services, describes them this way on its website:

“Digital Bus Shelters or digital transit shelters offer 24-hour visibility to both vehicular and pedestrian traffic. These displays are perfect for a street level marketing campaign since they are typically placed at high circulation locations. Digital transit displays hold multiple advertisers and rotate through messages throughout the day. The movement between advertisers will catch the eye of consumers as they are approaching the digital bus shelters.”

When you are on the Hong Kong street, you would see many bus shelter around you. Yes, buses are the means of transportation that most Hong Kong people often take. The bus can reach the place where the subway can’t reach. I remember when I was a kindergarten student, my grandpa used to take the bus with me since we moved from Yau Ma Tei to Shatin. In the past, we didn’t have the smartphone, iPad or Notebook. The network development was imperfect and still at a preliminary stage. My biggest joy was taking a look at the surrounding streets and people speak. While we were waiting for the bus in the bus shelters, most people would pay attention to bus shelters advertising light boxes. Including me did the same thing for getting through the dull waiting time.

Lately year, the advertising light box at some bus shelter began to turn into a digital screen. There is a large flat-screen TV at the bus shelter that changes the ad video or transforms the image every 8 seconds in 24 hours. We can see and hear the advertising come from the bus shelter. We can even interact with digital screens. Sometimes the advertiser may have the promotion at the bus shelter. People play the game, scan the code and get the sample item from the bus shelter event. It is different from static bus shelter lightbox advertising. It seems the digital screen of the bus shelter more attraction. Is it really effective in this marketing when people already own their individual little digital screen? I can’t help but be curious to wanna explore this new advertising marketing approach and the people opinion of the bus shelter digital screen.

Who & Why?

I interviewed five people who all have experienced the digital screen promo of the bus shelter. The five interviewed targets are from different age groups which make the data quality good. The interview location would be the bus shelter which has the digital screen such as Park Lane Shopper’s Boulevard bus Shelters and Kowloon Bay bus shelters. This will make me easier to find the interview targets. The interview question I would not ask for too much as I am afraid people not willing to stay on the street and answer my question under the hot sun. So I set up three simple question for the interview. Those question about what the bus shelter viewer thought of the digital screen.

Challenges

There must be challenges in research tasks that need to be overcome by researchers. When the research purpose was already done, the next we must pay the action on our research plan. Before we start the interview, we must check the bus shelter digital screens are still there or change. Unfortunately, there was no more media advertising event on the Park Lane Shopper’s Boulevard bus shelters.  Causeway Bay Sogo bus shelters were in my plan also but bus shelter digital screens are disappeared as Bus shelters is being repaired. However, the biggest challenge is to interview people.
Monday afternoon, I was standing on the street find someone who can allow me to interview in 2 mins. Most people rejected me as they don’t want to on camera even I said it for academic research and just record their voice. It made me feel sad as people rejected me. I was considering to reduce the number of interview people from five to three for this reason but I successfully finish the 5 interview target on that day.

The platform

I decided to use the medium to create a website as firstly, it’s the platform the platform I am most familiar with. Secondly, I think the website will show the data clearer to people ant it’s not hard to create and manage.

Result

People tend to focus on their own screen more than pay attention to the bus shelter digital screen. But some people would willing to watch the digital screen on the bus shelter as it is way different than the static lightbox ad. People can get useful information on the digital screen at the bus shelter such as news or weather. The bus shelter digital screen not just a screen, it also some kind of public media TV. People pay great attention to the content of the bus electronic screen that we seee.

Usefulness to media industries

Through the street interview, I learned how people think of this new marketing platform- bus shelter digital screen. The street audience would notice the bus shelter digital screen presence but not paying to much on the digital screen content. They tend to focus on their smartphone screen as the content of the bus shelter digital screen broadcast not make them interest even the sound doesn’t draw them all. The broadcast content of the bus shelter digital screen is just an annoying thing that what bus shelter digital screen viewer said. But it a good change to the bus shelter at the bus shelter advertising lightboxes are cannot attract others to interact. The bus shelter digital screen can interact with the audience to generate effective publicity benefits. Just the content development of bus shelter digital screen we must focus on.

References

MarketingDonut .(n.d). retrieved from
https://www.marketingdonut.co.uk/media-advertising

Daniel Siden. (n.d). Q&A: The future of outdoor advertising. MarketingDonut retrieved from https://www.marketingdonut.co.uk/media-advertising/billboards-and-outdoor-advertising/q-a-the-future-of-outdoor-advertising

Anonymous. (n.d). Billboards and outdoor advertising. MarketingDonut retrieved from https://www.marketingdonut.co.uk/media-advertising/billboards-and-outdoor-advertising/billboards-and-outdoor-advertising-overview

Anonymous. (n.d). Outdoor advertising – making a big impact. MarketingDonut retrieved from https://www.marketingdonut.co.uk/media-advertising/billboards-and-outdoor-advertising/outdoor-advertising-making-a-big-impact

Anonymous. (14February 2013). Miami Beach rejects digital screens on bus shelters — for now. retrieved from https://belleisleblog.wordpress.com/2013/02/14/miami-beach-rejects-digital-screens-on-bus-shelters-for-now/

240 Review of the Blog Design

The departure of having this blog is the need for BCMS courses. Before this course, I used to own Qooza blog, Xanga and Google blogger long times ago. The content of Qooza blog and Xanga is different from that of this WordPress blog. The content of the Qooza blog and Xanga is mostly related to my private life. I spent a lot of time designing the Qooza blog and the Xanga page. Even if the blog page design was good but the content is not attractive. Most of the blog content was talking about my emotions and life which I found out it is not meaningful of sharing it online with other. The blog contents were just messy. I stopped writing the blog a few years to think about what things I wanna share with people. After a few years, I created a google blogger account for writing the meaningful blog in English. But the content I wrote was still too messy so I closed the blogger website. Now I started to structure a WordPress blog is based on the course needs. I learn so much from the start of I structure this WordPress blog.

When we start to build up the blog, we should think about the blog theme at first. The theme of the blog would affect what content you should write. The narrowing of the subject matter of the content makes the blog more unique. A unique content creation can shape the blog style. Second important is the Blog layout design. A user-friendly and nice Blog layout design can attract people to read your blog posts. But the layout of the blog layout is based on your content concept. The format, color, font style of the blog and the images we use in our blog are all we need to consider. Also, we should target the blog audience to develop our blog. Means what kind of blog audience we want to share the content with. Final we should understand the how to spread the content of our blog to others. As the approach of the effective spread could be more useful to attract people to browse our blog. Here I would explain the concept of structure this WordPress blog design.

Blog Theme, Contents and Audience

The blog theme is based on the course BCSM which mean the goal is clear. The content would be a focus on the research of media, movie, TV, social media and communication. The research of media, movie, TV, social media and communication relate the Media creation industry which means the audience I target is not only BCSM students. It also includes people who are researchers in the media creation industry. My blog post might affect their thinking as some of my blog posts are organized and analyzed according to a certain theory. I also add some memes while I write the blog post. Through the meme image I edited to make the exchange more abundant, create a resonance. Create more interactive and autonomous communication with people. The content of the blog would be academic and more meaningful that I expect.

Blog Style Design

 

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Baskerville 2                                                     Libre 2
design by Anders Norén.                                design by Automattic.

Blog Layout at the begin was the Baskerville 2 by Anders Norén design. Baskerville 2 layout provide all Content Options, including the ability to display my choice of full post content or excerpts on the blog and archives. It comes with a custom menu located below the title that shows multiple nested submenus. The more attraction was the Baskerville 2 post format. All Post Formats that Baskerville 2 supports, includes unique styles to help different kinds of content stand out. It seems Baskerville 2 layout as the best choice for me to choose. It is a crisp, responsive theme that displays my writing, photos, and videos in a dynamic grid layout.

However, I found out it is not good for the blog reader. The Baskerville 2 post format was easily confusing the reader choose the blog post to read. The reader didn’t know which blog post is new. The Baskerville 2 layout seems much more for the content company to build the website. It is not really designed for the blog website.

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So, I changed the Baskerville 2 layout to the Libre 2 layout designed by Automattic. The Automattic’s Libre 2 layout design much better than Baskerville 2 layout. The Libre 2 layout is easier for the reader to follow up the new post. The stylish, classic look of the Libre 2 is for my personal longform writing blog. The main navigation bar stays fixed to the top of the screen while your visitors read, keeping the most important content at hands such as BCM 288, BCM 232, DIGC 202, DIGC 330, BCM 210, BCM 240, BCM 310 and BCM 332. These tags are my use of the course name of the BCSM program as the tag name to classify the content.

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The image I set up on the top was the photo I took. We see the Cable and the TV noise in the photo which reminds people of the media and the communication. That is why I chose this photo as my blog website top image.

Blog Font Color and Font style

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The blog font color of the title is red and the content text color is dark gray. The Anonymous Pro Regular I use as the blog post title font. This font gives the impression of a classic typewriter. Generally, the readers’ eyes often feel tired when they read a lot of text from the blog. It is very important to choose a comfortable font suitable for blog readers to read.

Blog Improvement

螢幕快照 2018-07-15 上午6.45.12The blog website layout is good but not good enough. I found out I didn’t put a Social Links menu to the right of the Header menu. I just put it in the Footer area and it’s not easy to notice. The  Social Links menu only link WordPress which means the spread of the blog website is a bit fail. In addition, there is too less content in the about me page. In the blog Improvement, I think I should add Twitter to the Social Links menu to improve the spread of the blog website and write more in the about me page. Also, enhance my blog writing skills as there are so many mistakes between sentence.

BCM 332 Case Study:Rights Of the Press Liberty in China (Part 3 Full)

Introduction

The freedom of speech rights arguments based on John Milton ‘s, our speech rights is understood as a multi-faceted right. It includes not only the right to express, or disseminate, information and ideas but three further distinct aspects:

1. the right to seek information and ideas
2. the right to receive information and ideas
3. the right to impart information and ideas

(John Milton. Areopagitica.1644)

When we comment on social conditions, we care for our rights to the speech are free or not. Freedom of speech is a kind of basic human rights. It refers to the statutory political rights of a country’s citizens who can express their opinions and ideas according to their wishes. These expressions need not be subject to the government’s “ex-ante” review and restriction, nor need to worry about retaliation from the government.

Chapter III: Fundamental Rights and Duties of the Residents

Article 27 
Hong Kong residents shall have freedom of speech, of the press and of publication; freedom of association, of assembly, of a procession and of demonstration; and the right and freedom to form and join trade unions, and to strike.

(Hong Kong Basic Law, 13 July 2012)

According to the Chapter 3 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Basic Rights and Obligations of Residents) Article 27, Our freedom of speech, press and publication, freedom of association, rallies, processions, demonstrations are guaranteed as the Hong Kong citizen. Similarly, Hong Kong journalists’ freedom of speech is also protected by the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.  But have you ever wondered if such legal protection is really effective and good enough when we are out of the Hong Kong area? How about in China?

The situation of Hong Kong Journalists in China Mainland

 

Hong Kong journalist was beaten covering the 10-year anniversary of Sichuan earthquake:

On May 12th – the tenth anniversary of the Sichuan earthquake, a Cable TV Broadcasting company’s journalist name Chen Ho Fai (陳浩輝) was being attacked by two local plainclothes officeholders when he was interviewed at the Juyuan Middle School in Dujiangyan, Sichuan Province. His body was hurt by those attacks.

Via RTV provided the video record of “the reason why HongKong’s journalist got attack” from the mother Mrs. Lu Bik Yu (魯碧玉) of the victims of the earthquake. The mother of the victims of the earthquake stated that during the entire process, two Hong Kong journalists were discovered and taken away by plainclothes personnel. She also claimed that parents of other witnessing processes stated that they saw reporters being beaten while another journalist safely left the scene under the escort of parents.

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The reason of the same day morning, there were about 200 parents arrived at the Juyuan Secondary School (聚源中學) for memorial their children as it was a place where the number of Wenchuan, Sichuan earthquake victims was severe in 2008. They erected a memorial wall and affixed students’ photos. Set up the banner to demanded stern punishment the people who were in charge of the “bean curd residue” school building project. At the scene, a large number of local plainclothes officers were present to monitor people’s every move.

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Mrs. Lu Bik Yu (魯碧玉) was angry at the authorities’ actions of treat journalists. She believes this is the guilty conscience of the authorities and does not allow the outside world to know the performance of the “bean curd residue” school building project.

Ten years ago, the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region alone had already sent 10 billion Hong Kong dollars worth of public funds to Sichuan for reconstruction purposes. The follow-up report by Hong Kong journalist was actually beaten. Through Mrs. Lu Bik Yu (魯碧玉) statement in the video recording, we can realize that China is very sensitive to media involvement.

Four days later, we heard our Hong Kong journalists were violently treated by China Public Security in Mainland.

On May 16, Beijing Human Rights Lawyer Xie Yan Yi was sent to the Beijing Bar Association to hold a hearing for illegally sentencing Yinchuan Falun Gong practitioners. On the same day, several overseas reporters interviewed Xie Yan Yi and his wife at the hearing. They were violently obstructed by Beijing police. Among them, the Hong Kong Now TV News reporter Xu Junming, a Beijing-based photojournalist, was subjected to violent attacks by plainclothes and other police officers during the interview and was subsequently taken into a police car. Xu Junming was released after being controlled by the police for several hours and forced to sign a penitent.

In just a few days, two incidents of assaulting the Hong Kong media journalists have occurred, which has caused intense public concern. It can thus be seen that it is an ordinary phenomenon that the normal interview with reporters is blocked by violence in China Mainland. Such acts of trampling on press freedom and brutally blocking interviews are not one-and-a-half events. It has happened many times in the past.

This cannot help but doubt of are journalists’ rights of interview and speech and personal safety guaranteed in China?

The situation of other countries and Mainland Journalists in China Mainland

 

getout-13_S8Wip_1200x0

(Photo source: BBC fragment screenshots)

2 December 2006 : U.S. Reporters Detained in Interview

Agents from the local police, Foreign Ministry office and Customs Department detained Kahn, The New York Times Beijing bureau chief, and International Herald Tribune reporter Roger Cohen while they were interviewing a businessman in Zigui, near the Three Gorges Dam in Hubei province.

According to the “New York Times” report, two journalists questioned by the agents of MPS (Ministry of Public Security of the People’s Republic of China) about their reporting activities. The agents of MPS confiscation their passports and asked them to write down “confessions.” The two journalists were detained for an hour before being released.

(CPJ, 2 December 2006)

16 January 2007: In China, a reporter was beaten to death at the illegal mine

According to news reports, unidentified men from an illegal mine in Huiyuan County, Shanxi Province, severely beat the reporter Lan Cheng Zhang on January 9th, causing him to die the next day. Local officials claimed Lan did not provide the official certification so he was not a legitimate journalist, according to Nanfang Ribao.  Lan actually had been working for the Shanxi bureau of the Beijing-based newspaper Zhongguo Maoyi Bao (China Trade News) for less than a month actually.

(CPJ, 16 January 2007)

13 August 2008: ITN journalist, covering demonstrators in Beijing, is roughed up

John Ray, a journalist of the British television station ITN, was detained by the police and treated harshly when he reported a pro-Tibet student demonstration in Beijing on Wednesday. According to reports from Swiss media, Ray said that he was dragged into a nearby restaurant and was forcibly detained by the police.

“I tried to explain to them that I was a British journalist, but they would not even let me take out my identification documents,” the BBC quoted Ray as saying.

(CPJ, 13 August 2008)

18 December  2008:  Belgian TV crew attacked in China

On 25 November 2008, Tom Van de Weghe, VRT ATTACKED Eight assailants pulled Belgian journalist Van de Weghe, an Australian cameraman, and a Belgian assistant, from their vehicle before beating them and stealing money and equipment during a reporting job in Henan province, central China, according to the Foreign Correspondents Club of China and international news reports. The crew was recording interviews with AIDS patients in advance of World AIDS Day for the Flemish Radio and Television network VRT.

(CPJ, 18 December 2008)

15 September 2016: Chinese police detain, assault Hong Kong journalists for covering the protest

The Committee for the Protection of Correspondents stated on September 15, 2016, that the Chinese authorities should carry out credible independent investigations against allegations that the police have attacked journalists and allowed reporters to carry out their work (including protests without restrictions). Their employers reported that last night, the police in the southern part of Guangdong Province, China, attacked and detained five journalists from the Hong Kong news media and prevented many from going to villages that had recently become protest sites.

(CPJ, 15 September 2008)

Conclusion

Through these news facts, China’s news environment is very limited. Space for any journalists to properly interview in mainland China is gradually being suppressed. Being attacked, detained, cross-examined, unreasonably accused and treated with violence even journalists’ life is threatened by telling the truth.

According to the CPJ report, more than half of the globally imprisoned reporters are charged with anti-state crimes. China is the most severe prison in the world. Of the 44 journalists who were imprisoned, since the CPJ began the annual census in 1990-29, the country with the largest number of Chinese has been anti-state accusations.

Gao Yu, one of 44 journalists behind bars in China, was detained on charges of illegally providing state secrets abroad, days after details of Document 9 appeared in Mirror Monthly, a Chinese-language political magazine in New York. Gao, 70, confessed on official state broadcaster CCTV, but during her closed trial, on November 21, 2014, she said that the confession was false and made only to prevent her son from being threatened and harassed, her lawyer said.

(Cpj. 10 Most Censored Countries. 2015)

Mainland China dismisses the freedom of the press and the right to know the people, brutally tramples it, and stops it with violence if necessary. This practice not only does not respect the freedom of the press and the right of reporters to legally interview, but it does not even have the least respect for the personal safety of people.

When an injured journalist was arrested, he was even deprived of his basic rights. He could not contact the outside world, nor could he go to the hospital for a medical examination to understand how the injury was. He was also forced to sign a repentance book by the public security police, acknowledging that he had caused the incident and crashed into the MPS public security before he was allowed to leave. And go to the hospital for therapy.

Victims themselves must acknowledge that mistakes and responsibilities have always been the routine work of China Mainland government. This form compels journalists to lie. Any professional news agency and reporter would like to have a live report to let readers and citizens understand the latest developments and situations in the society. But the most authoritarian government policy block the truth out to cut off the threat of government.

Part II: The Hong Kong Bill of Rights

Article 16
Freedom of opinion and expression

(1)Everyone shall have the right to hold opinions without interference.

(2)Everyone shall have the right to freedom of expression; this right shall include freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through any other media of his choice.

[Cf. Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights]

(Hong Kong Legislation Part II: The Hong Kong Bill of Rights. 2017 No. 1 editorial revision record)

The Hong Kong Bill of Rights Ordinance (Chapter 383 of the Laws of Hong Kong) incorporates the provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights applicable to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region into the laws of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and provides for incidental and related matters. Article 39(1) of the Basic Law stipulates that the relevant provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights applicable to Hong Kong shall continue to be valid and shall be implemented through the laws of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

In Hong Kong, our freedom of speech is guaranteed from the “Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights” indeed. But we don’t have the ICCPR protection in China Mainland as the ICCPR have many conflicts with the party-state system established by the ruling party in the country. The party-state system is the political ideal of a one-party government. The ruling party has absolute power and exercises sovereignty on behalf of the state. The China Mainland Sovereignty directly belongs to the party organization rather than the latter’s nationals which are different from the concept of the CCPR. It means that the Convention has not yet been formally approved in China Mainland.

2014 is China’s 15th Reporter’s Day. The press circles around the world have held celebrations or commendations, and the relevant authorities have once again stressed: “Reporters must appeal to the cause of justice and do a good job of the mouth of the party and the people.”

(Yan Wei 嵇偉, BBC Chinese Network Reporter,7 November 2014)

The freedom of the press and journalists rights are limited by the China Mainland government. Our rights are being limited at the same times indirectly as the government repressed the freedom of the press and the living space of journalists. The news we receive is not complete and correct in fact. However, the freedom of news reporting should be above all else as a real journalist. In China, although the Constitution stipulates the freedom of speech and publication, it cannot truly achieve freedom of the press because there is no legal guarantee. The way the Chinese Mainland government treats journalists is how they control media communication.

 

Reference

弗林. (13 May 2018 ). 香港記者採訪汶川大地震10周年紀念被打.  retrieved from http://trad.cn.rfi.fr/%E4%B8%AD%E5%9C%8B/20180512-%E9%A6%99%E6%B8%AF%E8%A8%98%E8%80%85%E6%8E%A1%E8%A8%AA%E6%B1%B6%E5%B7%9D10%E5%91%A8%E5%B9%B4%E7%B4%80%E5%BF%B5%E8%A2%AB%E6%89%93%E6%89%93%E4%BA%BA%E8%80%85%E5%BE%8C%E8%A2%AB%E8%A6%81%E6%B1%82%E9%81%93%E6%AD%89

Anonymous. (19 May 2018). 香港記者接連被打 媒體環境更顯黑暗. retrieved from https://www.renminbao.com/rmb/articles/2018/5/19/67363b.html

Anonymous. (13 May 2018). 川震十周年 國殤竟變感恩日 中共為掩真相 毆打記者拘牧師. retrieved from https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/daily/article/20180513/20389396

CPJ. (15 May 2018). Hong Kong Journalist was beaten covering the 10-year anniversary of the Sichuan earthquake retrieved from https://cpj.org/2018/05/hong-kong-journalist-beaten-covering-10-year-anniv.php

Anonymous. (n.d).《基本法》全文及相關文件retrieved from http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/tc/basiclawtext/index.html

Lu Feng盧峯. (17 May 2018).中港融合就得接受記者被毆打?. Appay Daily. retrieved from https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/daily/article/20180517/20393570

鍾劍華. Director of the PolyU Social Policy Research Center. (15 May 2018). 謊言治國豈能不打記者. Appay Daily. retrieved from https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/daily/article/20180515/20390993

Anonymous. (20 December 2006). U.S. Reporters Detained in Interview. CPJ. retrieved from https://cpj.org/2006/12/china-us-reporters-detained-while-interviewing-sou.phphttps://cpj.org/2006/12/china-us-reporters-detained-while-interviewing-sou.php

Anonymous. (16 January 2007). In China, reporter beaten to death at illegal mine. CPJ. retrieved from https://cpj.org/2007/01/in-china-reporter-beaten-to-death-at-illegal-mine.php

Anonymous. (13 August 2008). ITN journalist, covering demonstrators in Beijing, is roughed up.CPJ. retrieved from https://cpj.org/2008/08/itn-journalist-covering-demonstrators-in-beijing-i.php

Anonymous. (18 December  2008). Belgian TV crew attacked in China.CPJ. retrieved from https://cpj.org/2008/12/china-belgian-tv-crew-attacked.php

Anonymous. (15 September 2016).Chinese police detain, assault Hong Kong journalists for covering the protest.CPJ. retrieved from https://cpj.org/2016/09/chinese-police-detain-assault-hong-kong-journalist.php

Anonymous. (13 December 2017). Record number of journalists jailed as Turkey, China, Egypt pay scant price for repression. CPJ. retrieved from https://cpj.org/reports/2017/12/journalists-prison-jail-record-number-turkey-china-egypt.php

Anonymous. (2015). 10 Most Censored Countries. CPJ. retrieved from
https://cpj.org/2015/04/10-most-censored-countries.php

Anonymous. (n.d). John Milton. WiKi. retrieved from
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Milton

United Nations. (25 June 2013).”The Universal Declaration of Human Rights” on 10 September 1948UN.org. http://www.un.org. retrieved from
http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/index.html

  United Nations and Human Rights. (2006). International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. retrieved from http://www.un.org/chinese/hr/issue/ccpr.htm

Yan Wei 嵇偉. (7 November 2014). Observation: China’s freedom of the press and the living space of journalists.BBC Chinese Network retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/china/2014/11/141107_china_journalist_day

 

Week 7 & 8 : Research Proposal

The class BCM 240 named “Media Audience Place” which means we would learn to understand the audience’s reaction to the media.  People get the information via media when they are restricted to the same place. Their process and response to the use of the media are conveying messages to us. The performance of their behavior which can inspire us to evolve the media area. It is kinda similar to what a UX designer does.

UX designers focus not only on interface design, but also on everything that affects the user experience, such as information architecture, interactive design, Content, user perception, experience, needs, and values. UX designers need to examine user experience in using the interface through user interviews or qualitative-quantitative UX research methods. To make sure the result of the user experience is good or not. This is about the UX designer’s job but our work not on the graphics information. Our work is appropriate in video advertising production, media content creation, App Design, television program and film production etc which related to the media market, the digital market and the content market etc.

“The reaction of people to the electronic media advertising at the Hong Kong bus shelter”

Here is my research project of the class BCM 240 is “The reaction of people to the electronic media advertising at the Hong Kong bus shelter”.  This the topic first came up of my mind as it related to my further career as an advertising production or social media editor or a content creator.

531904143

Why I chose the bus shelter? The bus shelter is where people wait for the bus. In Hong Kong, most bus shelters have advertising light boxes. As of September 2012, the three Hong Kong franchised bus companies had a total of 7,016 bus shelters with billboards. Since the passengers necessary waiting at the bus shelter for a certain period of time so there is a relative time interval to watch the bus shelter advertisement.

Therefore, the bus shelter is a place suitable for outdoor publicity. Merchants also can select specific areas according to the needs of product services and target customers. The advertising lightboxes can be displayed 24 hours a day in front of pedestrians passing by bus shelter. According to the survey of the effectiveness of Nielsen’s bus shelter advertising lightboxes in 2010, 61% of respondents were able to recall the relevant advertisements seen at the bus shelter billboards.

You may confuse of how does the bus shelter advertising lightboxes related to our BCM 240 lesson “Media Audience Place”. Actually it does.

Nearly two years, I notice the bus shelter advertisements is different than others in Tsim Sha Tsui Nathan Road Park Lane Shopper’s Boulevard. The advertiser not normally using the graphic poster to promote the product now. They are making advertisements for products at bus stops just like creating an Installation art. The Installation art” not only get attention from people. It is able to “interact” with people through the media. This makes me very interested to find out how people react of this electronic media advertising bus shelter and the efficiency of this advertising way to promote products.

Methodology

1. Traditional ethnography
(Media + Audience, Face to Face interview)

2.Online ethnography
(Media + Audience, Online interview)

3. Digital ethnography
(Media + Audience + Place, sensory-based observations)

Observation Location:
1.Tsim Sha Tsui, Nathan Road
2.Causeway Bay, SOGO

The number of people interview:
5-10

I think I may choose all of them as my collect data method. The observation location would be Tsim Sha Tsui, Nathan Road and Causeway Bay, SOGO. The third observed location I still looking for as Hong Kong only have this two bus shelter advertisements are different than others.  Maybe I would find a street has lots of people to be my project observe the target. The number of people I will interview is around 5 to 10 people. I will record their voice as my interview data. I choose to keep the voice record as people may not willing to go on the camera even it is for the academic purpose. I will allow the interview people to speak Cantone or Mandarin during the interview and translate it into English and edit it to the video.

5 Research Question:

1. why the Hong Kong advertiser use the media way on the  Bus Shelter advertisements?

2. How do people react to this Bus Shelter media advertisements?

3. What do people think of the Hong Kong advertiser use the media way on the  Bus Shelter advertisements?

4. Is it really effective to get people’s attention?

5. Is this efficiency impact related to location?

Timeline

Here is my time I plan to follow my project:

9/7   Tsim Sha Tsui, Nathan Road Bus Shelter Observation
12/7  Causeway Bay, SOGO Bus Shelter Observation
13/7  Other Bus Shelter Observation Location
14/7  Date for Interview
15/7  Data Check

16/7 Visual Data sorting
17/ 7 Visual Data Check

Reference:

Anonymous. (n.d.). Hong Kong Bus stop advertisement. Retrieved from
http://hkbus.wikia.com/wiki/%E5%B7%B4%E5%A3%AB%E7%AB%99%E5%BB%A3%E5%91%8A

Jcdecaux Cityscape. (n.d) Bus Shelter Retrieved from
http://www.jcdecaux-cityscape.hk/products/index.php


http://conversionlab.co/2016/01/30/ui-vs-ux-%E5%B7%AE%E7%95%B0%E8%AA%AA%E6%98%8E%E5%9C%96%E5%A4%A7%E6%95%B4%E7%90%86/

BCM 332 Case Study:Rights Of the Press Liberty in China (Part 2)

Four days later, we heard our Hong Kong journalists were violently treated by China Public Security in Mainland.

On May 16, Beijing Human Rights Lawyer Xie Yan Yi was sent to the Beijing Bar Association to hold a hearing for illegally sentencing Yinchuan Falun Gong practitioners. On the same day, several overseas reporters interviewed Xie Yan Yi and his wife at the hearing. They were violently obstructed by Beijing police. Among them, the Hong Kong Now TV News reporter Xu Junming, a Beijing-based photojournalist, was subjected to violent attacks by plainclothes and other police officers during the interview and was subsequently taken into a police car. Xu Junming was released after being controlled by the police for several hours and forced to sign a penitent.

In just a few days, two incidents of assaulting the Hong Kong media journalists have occurred, which has caused intense public concern. It can thus be seen that it is an ordinary phenomenon that the normal interview with reporters is blocked by violence in China Mainland. Such acts of trampling on press freedom and brutally blocking interviews are not one-and-a-half events. It has happened many times in the past.

getout-13_S8Wip_1200x0

(Photo source: BBC fragment screenshots)

2 December 2006 : U.S. Reporters Detained in Interview

Agents from the local police, Foreign Ministry office and Customs Department detained Kahn, The New York Times Beijing bureau chief, and International Herald Tribune reporter Roger Cohen while they were interviewing a businessman in Zigui, near the Three Gorges Dam in Hubei province.

According to the “New York Times” report, two journalists questioned by the agents of MPS (Ministry of Public Security of the People’s Republic of China) about their reporting activities. The agents of MPS confiscation their passports and asked them to write down “confessions.” The two journalists were detained for an hour before being released.

16 January 2007: In China, a reporter was beaten to death at the illegal mine

According to news reports, unidentified men from an illegal mine in Huiyuan County, Shanxi Province, severely beat the reporter Lan Chengzhang on January 9th, causing him to die the next day. Local officials claimed Lan did not provide the official certification so he was not a legitimate journalist, according to Nanfang Ribao.  Lan actually had been working for the Shanxi bureau of the Beijing-based newspaper Zhongguo Maoyi Bao (China Trade News) for less than a month actually.

13 August 2008: ITN journalist, covering demonstrators in Beijing, is roughed up

John Ray, a journalist of the British television station ITN, was detained by the police and treated harshly when he reported a pro-Tibet student demonstration in Beijing on Wednesday. According to reports from Swiss media, Ray said that he was dragged into a nearby restaurant and was forcibly detained by the police.

“I tried to explain to them that I was a British journalist, but they would not even let me take out my identification documents,” the BBC quoted Ray as saying.

18 December  2008:  Belgian TV crew attacked in China

On 25 November 2008, Tom Van de Weghe, VRT ATTACKED Eight assailants pulled Belgian journalist Van de Weghe, an Australian cameraman, and a Belgian assistant, from their vehicle before beating them and stealing money and equipment during a reporting job in Henan province, central China, according to the Foreign Correspondents Club of China and international news reports. The crew was recording interviews with AIDS patients in advance of World AIDS Day for the Flemish Radio and Television network VRT.

15 September 2016: Chinese police detain, assault Hong Kong journalists for covering the protest

The Committee for the Protection of Correspondents stated on September 15, 2016, that the Chinese authorities should carry out credible independent investigations against allegations that the police have attacked journalists and allowed reporters to carry out their work (including protests without restrictions). Their employers reported that last night, the police in the southern part of Guangdong Province, China, attacked and detained five journalists from the Hong Kong news media and prevented many from going to villages that had recently become protest sites.

Through these news facts, China’s news environment is very limited. Space for any journalists to properly interview in mainland China is gradually being suppressed. Being attacked, detained, cross-examined, unreasonably accused and treated with violence even journalists’ life is threatened by telling the truth.

According to the CPJ report, more than half of the globally imprisoned reporters are charged with anti-state crimes. China is the most severe prison in the world. Of the 44 journalists who were imprisoned, since the CPJ began the annual census in 1990-29, the country with the largest number of Chinese has been anti-state accusations.

Lowlight:
Gao Yu, one of 44 journalists behind bars in China, was detained on charges of illegally providing state secrets abroad, days after details of Document 9 appeared in Mirror Monthly, a Chinese-language political magazine in New York. Gao, 70, confessed on official state broadcaster CCTV, but during her closed trial, on November 21, 2014, she said that the confession was false and made only to prevent her son from being threatened and harassed, her lawyer said.

Mainland China dismisses the freedom of the press and the right to know the people, brutally tramples it, and stops it with violence if necessary. This practice not only does not respect the freedom of the press and the right of reporters to legally interview, but it does not even have the least respect for the personal safety of people.

When an injured journalist was arrested, he was even deprived of his basic rights. He could not contact the outside world, nor could he go to the hospital for a medical examination to understand how the injury was. He was also forced to sign a repentance book by the public security police, acknowledging that he had caused the incident and crashed into the MPS public security before he was allowed to leave. And go to the hospital for therapy.

Victims themselves must acknowledge that mistakes and responsibilities have always been the routine work of China Mainland government. This form compels journalists to lie. Any professional news agency and reporter would like to have a live report to let readers and citizens understand the latest developments and situations in the society. But the most authoritarian government policy block the truth out to cut off the threat of government.

Reference

Lu Feng盧峯. (17 May 2018).中港融合就得接受記者被毆打?. Appay Daily. retrieved from https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/daily/article/20180517/20393570

鍾劍華. Director of the PolyU Social Policy Research Center. (15 May 2018). 謊言治國豈能不打記者. Appay Daily. retrieved from https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/daily/article/20180515/20390993

Anonymous. (20 December 2006). U.S. Reporters Detained in Interview. CPJ. retrieved from https://cpj.org/2006/12/china-us-reporters-detained-while-interviewing-sou.phphttps://cpj.org/2006/12/china-us-reporters-detained-while-interviewing-sou.php

Anonymous. (16 January 2007). In China, reporter beaten to death at illegal mine. CPJ. retrieved from https://cpj.org/2007/01/in-china-reporter-beaten-to-death-at-illegal-mine.php

Anonymous. (13 August 2008). ITN journalist, covering demonstrators in Beijing, is roughed up.CPJ. retrieved from https://cpj.org/2008/08/itn-journalist-covering-demonstrators-in-beijing-i.php

Anonymous. (18 December  2008). Belgian TV crew attacked in China.CPJ. retrieved from https://cpj.org/2008/12/china-belgian-tv-crew-attacked.php

Anonymous. (15 September 2016).Chinese police detain, assault Hong Kong journalists for covering the protest.CPJ. retrieved from https://cpj.org/2016/09/chinese-police-detain-assault-hong-kong-journalist.php

Anonymous. (13 December 2017). Record number of journalists jailed as Turkey, China, Egypt pay scant price for repression. CPJ. retrieved from https://cpj.org/reports/2017/12/journalists-prison-jail-record-number-turkey-china-egypt.php